Airliners

KLM and the Fokker F.II and F.III

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no The Fokker F.II was the first of a long range of aircraft that KLM purchased from the Nederlandsche Vliegtuigfabriek NV (Fokker) before the Second World War. KLM had opened its first air service on May 17, 1920 with leased British aircraft, but ordered in July 1920 the first Fokker F.IIs. The fleet was within two years extended by the new Fokker F.IIIs. In this article we give a short introduction of both aircraft. This article is the second version. The first version has been taken down from the internet after just one day since the...

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Farman F.121 Jabiru in Danish service

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no John Stroud wrote in his book “European Transport Aircraft since 1910” that the Farman F.121 Jabiru (Stork) was “…one of the ugliest transport aeroplanes ever built”. He probably wrote this with a smile on his face. But in a way the F-3X and perhaps even more the three-engine version F-4X were not the best looking aircraft, but they were used on air services for some years. Four of them were even used in Denmark. This story is about speed, prestige and safety. The prototype Farman F-3X Jabiru The prototype, F-3X was a high-wing strut-braced monoplane...

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AB Aerotransport and the Junkers G 24

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no One of the most important aircraft factories of the period before 1945 was the Junkers Flugzeugwerk AG – Jfa. It produced the first useable all-metal aircraft. The first all-metal fighters were already constructed during the Great War (1914-1918) and after the war Junkers continued to develop military and civil aircraft of all-metal construction. Famous is the three-engined series of civil aircraft: Junkers Ju 252, Junkers Ju 52/3m, Junkers G 31 and Junkers G 24. Latter aircraft has been widely used by the Swedish airline company AB Aerotransport (AB standing for Aktiebolag – Limited company). AB...

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STAR and the Nieuport-Delage 641

By: Rob Mulder and in co-operation with Robert Espérou and Régis Biaux For: www.europeanairlines.no A small airliner for a small airline company was the Nieuport-Delage 641, also known as Ni-D 641. This high-winged single-engine aircraft saw limited service in France and operated two international air services for the Société de Transports Aériens Rapide - STAR. Here is a short review of the use of the aircraft in France. The firm Société Anonyme des Établissements Nieuport But first a short review over the production of civil airliners constructed by the Société Anonyme des Établissements Nieuport. Edouard de Nieport, commonly known as...

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Junkers F 13 in Norway

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no One of the most important airliners from the twenties and thirties of the previous century was the all-metal Junkers J 13. The aircraft has had several designations: Until July 1919                     Junkers J 13 (in line with previous models) July 1919 – June 1924      Junkers J 13 Type F (Freya) Since July 1924                    Junkers F 13 The suffixes were not introduced until June 1927. The type is, however, generally known as the Junkers F 13 and this is how we will call it as well. The type saw only limited service in Norway. It successor the Junkers...

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Iberia and the Rohrbach Ro VIII Roland I

By: Rob Mulder For www.europeanairlines.no The foundation of Iberia Foreign airline companies operated the first air routes in Spain. Two French airline companies started services between France and Spain. Latécoère opened a through service along the Mediterranean coast to Northern Africa, while Société des Transports Aéronautiques du Sud-Ouest – STASO and its successor Compagnie Franco-Bilbaïne de Transports Aéronautiques – CFB operated a service from Bayonne to Bilbao and later to Santander in the north-western parts of Spain. In Spain only one air service was operated. On October 15, 1921 the Compañia Española de Tráfico Aéreo – CETA opened an airmail...

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