Germany

Centennial: first flight Junkers F 13

[caption id="attachment_3813" align="aligncenter" width="1888"] The J 13 prototype (531) first flew on 25 June 1919. In the backgroundis an example of the single-seat Junkers J 9 fighter, military designationJunkers D.I, which was soon registered to Junkers-Flugzeugwerkas a commercial courier aircraft (Günther Ott)[/caption] On 25 June 2019, we celebrated the fact that it was 100 years ago, that the aircraft made its first flight! Read all about it in the special edition of the reprint of the successful book ‘Junkers F 13 – The World’s First All-Metal Airliner’. On 25 June 1919, a small six-seater aircraft lifted off from an airfield...

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The shortest visit to Norway ever: 29 minutes!

[caption id="attachment_3690" align="aligncenter" width="544"] Messerschmitt Bf 108-B1 D-ICNN which arrived at Kjeller on 10 August 1037[/caption] It left as fast as it arrived. On a lovely Summer day, 10 August 1937, at 1230, a small blue plane came down from the sky and landed nicely and fast on Kjeller’s green grass. After filling up 200 liters of fuel, the aircraft disappeared just as fast. It was at Kjeller for exactly 29 minutes. It must have been the shortest visit to Norway?! What kind of flight was this? It was a Messerschmitt Bf 108 B-1S Taifun - a German one-engine low-wing...

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The day the first Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52/3m arrived in Norway

[caption id="attachment_3576" align="aligncenter" width="538"] The first Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52/3m to arrive in Oslo was D-ABIS "Kurt Wolff" with Joseph Kaspar as captain.[/caption] In 1934, just before the opening of the air service to Oslo, Lufthansa decided to introduce the Junkers Ju 52/3m officially to the Norwegian public. Flugkapitän Joseph Kaspar flew the company’s float-equipped Ju 52/3m, D-ABIS "Kurt Wolff" on Thursday, 26 April 1934, at 1745, for the first time to Oslo. He had departed from Travemünde for Copenhagen and continued 1245 to Gothenburg. Kaspar had his cabin filled with guests: Dr. Dierbach (DLH), Dr. Pinagel (chief of press at...

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Junkers Aircraft Designation – An Aviation Historian’s “Minefield”

By:         Lennart Andersson For:        www.artiklar.z-bok.se and www.europeanairlines.no   The Junkers F 13 was first called the Junkers Type F, although at the factory it was known as the J 13. Today, the original Junkers archive is available to researchers. Of course original research costs time, money and effort, but in my view the publication of articles that continue to distort the already maltreated history of Junkers and other German interwar aircraft in general is no longer justifiable. Previous mistakes, inventions and imperfections need not be reiterated, because if that happens the inaccuracies will inevitably be taken up again...

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Fleet list of Deutscher Aero Lloyd AG (1923-1926)

Fleet list of  Deutscher Aero Lloyd AG (1923-1926) Abbreviations: b/u = Broken up Canx = cancelled from the register c/n = Constructor’s Number dbr = Destroyed between repair f.u. = Fate unknown In = Date aircraft was taken in use / or registered Regn = Registration One of the most mysterious airline fleets is the fleet of the Deutscher Aero Lloyd AG from Germany. The DAL was the successor of the Deutsche Luftreederei GmbH and it became in 1926 one of the parent companies of the Deutsche Luft Hansa AG. Its fleet has been extensive and we wonder if all...

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Nordbayerischer Verkehrsflug GmbH (1926-1931) and Deutscher Verkehrsflug AG (1931-1934)

Fleet list of Nordbayerischer Verkehrsflug GmbH (1926-1931)    Abbreviations:   b/u = Broken up Canx = cancelled from the register c/n = Constructor’s Number dbr = Destroyed beyond repair f.u. = Fate unknown In = Date aircraft was taken in use / or registered Regn = Registration                                        The Nordbayerischer Verkehrsflug GmbH was formed to operate regional air service not interesting for the national carrier Deutsche Luft Hansa AG-DLH. Soon the company became a popular sight around the regional airports in mainly eastern parts of Germany. The company was reconstructed in 1931 as the Deutscher Verkehrsflug AG as...

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Air Cargo a la Junkers

Air Express Co Ltd, Luftfrako and Deutramp By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no With the introduction of civil aviation at the end of the Great War (1914-1918) the aircraft started to find implant in the transportation of airmail and cargo. The trade and industry were not yet ready for this new form of transportation and could at that moment not foresee the great impact the aircraft would have. Its potential payload was not recognized either. But that would soon change. The story here is about the Trost Brothers and their co-operation with Junkers Flugzeugwerk AG and the German Junkers-affiliated air brokers...

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The Zeppelin companies in Germany

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no Deutsche Luftschiffahrts Aktien-Gesellschaft – DELAG (1909-1935) The first airline company in Germany was not an airline company in the way it could be defined, as its aim was not the opening of regular, sustained air services, but much more the transportation by rigid airships of passengers on joy-ride flights. First after the Great War, the full potential of the rigid airship was recognised and exploited, but for Germany it was too late (due to the Treaty of Versailles). Later in the twenties, new initiatives were started and up to the destruction of the Hindenburg in...

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Nordbayerischer Verkehrsflug GmbH – NOBA (1926-1931)

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no In many ways this was one of the most interesting domestic airline company’s in Europe. Its history spans over eight years and is marked by a constant battle for its existence and against its main opponent Deutsche Luft Hansa AG - DLH. The Aviation Law Gesetz über die Reichsverwaltung of December 15, 1933 and later the Verordnung über den Aufbau der Reichsluftfahrtsverwaltung of April 18, 1934 finally led to the end of the strong expansion of this popular airline company operating in south- and mid-Germany. The company’s history can be divided into two periods: 1....

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German regional airline companies (1918-1940) – Part 1

By: Rob Mulder For: www.europeanairlines.no Today we start a new series of articles about regional airline companies in Germany. During the year between 1918 and 1940 many small airline company were formed. They usualy had a regional character were formed. We would like to present some of these airline companies. Below please find part 1: Luftverkehrs Aktien Gesellschaft Westfalen - WELU (1925-1936) Luftverkehrs-Gesellschaft Wilhelmshaven-Rüstringen mbH – LUWIR (1927-1937) Luftverkehrs Aktien Gesellschaft Westfalen WELU (1925-1936) The years 1924-25 showed the foundation of a number of German regional airline companies, which mainly aimed to propaganda aviation. Except that, some airline companies owned...

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